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According to a National Eye Institute (NEI) study, using vision to direct foot navigation involves using a particular area of the brain’s cortex. However, the scientists discovered that other motions, such as crawling, do not stimulate the occipital place area (OPA). The finding may shed light on childhood developmental milestones as kids learn to interact with their environments.The OPA and the retrosplenial complex (RSC) are the two main areas of the cortex activated during foot navigation. The research team believes that each of these areas supports a different kind of navigation: the RSC supports map-based navigation or finding our way from one specific place like home to a distant place like a bus station or store.

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